Sam's Club

Sam’s Club is a leading membership warehouse club offering superior products, savings and services to millions of members in nearly 600 clubs in the U.S. and Puerto Rico. Now in its 39th year, Sam’s Club continues to redefine warehouse shopping with its highly curated assortment of high-quality fresh food and Member’s Mark items, in addition to market leading technologies and services like Scan & Go, Club Pickup and home delivery service in select markets. To learn more about Sam’s Club, visit the Sam’s Club Newsroom or shop at SamsClub.com.

The profile below is based upon reports by participating Sam’s Club suppliers in the continental US for fresh and frozen seafood and Member’s Mark shelf-stable tuna in FY21 (February 2020-January 2021), and has not been verified by third-party traceability systems.

Number of wild caught species used
Number of farmed species used
% Fresh/Frozen Volume from Certified Fisheries or Farms
% Fresh/Frozen Volume from a FIP
% Shelf-stable Tuna Volume from a FIP

Number of wild caught species used

36

Number of farmed species used

6

% Fresh/Frozen Volume from Certified Fisheries or Farms

80%

% Fresh/Frozen Volume from a FIP

20%

% Shelf-stable Tuna Volume from a FIP

27%

Fishing Methods Used in Associated Fisheries
    • Midwater trawl
    • Bottom trawl
    • Dredge
    • Purse seine
    • FAD-free (unassociated) purse seine
    • Gillnets and entangling nets
    • Hook and line
    • Longlines
    • Handlines and pole-lines
    • Rake / hand gathered / hand netted
    • Pots and traps
    • Farmed
Summary

At Sam’s Club, we know that seafood is an important source of nutrition and income for people all over the world. That’s why we work with partners all along the supply chain to deliver affordable products in a way that is sustainable for both people and planet. It is our commitment to create a transparent supply chain for our members, as well as to uphold high standards for sustainability so we can do our part to help protect and preserve ocean ecosystems for future generations.

We require all of our seafood suppliers to provide detailed information on where and how each item is sourced (place of origin, catch method, scientific name and more). Their data is then reviewed by the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP). Sam’s Club will only source seafood that meets our minimum sustainability requirements: certified by a third party approved by the Global Sustainable Seafood Initiative (GSSI) or in a Fishery Improvement Project, whose progress is being closely measured, reported and supported.

Associated Fisheries

Species and Location
Production Methods
Certification or Improvement Project
Sustainability Ratings
Notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Alaska pollock

Theragra chalcogramma

E Bering Sea, Gulf of Alaska

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Midwater trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to have direct impacts on PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low and there are mitigation measures in place.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • This fish plays an important role in the marine food web and so potential impacts on the wider marine ecosystem must be monitored.

Species and Location

fishery flag fishery flag

Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

South Pacific - WCPFC

Fishery countries:
China, Fiji

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to seabirds and sea turtles with this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bycatch for this fishery includes tunas, sharks, billfish and other fish.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Pacific Ocean tuna - longline (Bumble Bee/FCF Co., Ltd)

Species and Location

fishery flag fishery flag fishery flag fishery flag

Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

Indian Ocean

Fishery countries:
China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

Not certified or in a FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Needs improvement

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to seabirds, sea turtles, and sharks with this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bycatch of other tuna and billfishes is a risk for this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

Indian Ocean

Fishery countries:
Indonesia

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Needs improvement

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to seabirds, sea turtles, marine mammals and sharks with this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place and the number of observed interactions is low.
  • Bycatch of other tuna, billfishes and sharks is a risk for this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Indian Ocean tuna - longline (Bumble Bee/FCF)

Species and Location

fishery flag

Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

Indian Ocean

Fishery countries:
Madagascar

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Needs improvement

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to seabirds, sea turtles, marine mammals and sharks with this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bycatch of other tuna, billfishes and sharks is a risk for this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Indian Ocean albacore tuna - longline (Bumble Bee/FCF)

Species and Location

fishery flag

Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

North Pacific

Fishery countries:
Japan

Production Methods

  • Longlines
  • Handlines and pole-lines

Certification or Improvement Project

Not certified or in a FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Needs improvement

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag

Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

South Atlantic

Fishery countries:
Taiwan

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

Not certified or in a FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag fishery flag

Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

South Pacific - IATTC

Fishery countries:
China, Taiwan

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

Not certified or in a FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Sustainability not rated

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to seabirds and sea turtles with this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bycatch for this fishery includes tunas, sharks, billfish and other fish.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag fishery flag fishery flag fishery flag fishery flag fishery flag

Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

South Pacific - WCPFC

Fishery countries:
China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Japan, Taiwan, Vanuatu

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

Not certified or in a FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to sharks, sea turtles and seabirds with this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bycatch of other tuna, billfishes and sharks is a risk for this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

American sea scallop

Placopecten magellanicus

US Atlantic

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl
  • Dredge

Certification or Improvement Project

Some product from certified fisheries

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • There is potential for turtle interactions with this fishery, but mitigation actions are underway.
  • Bycatch is a risk for this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bottom trawls and dredges will directly impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Argentine red shrimp

Pleoticus muelleri

Patagonian - Argentina inshore, Argentina offshore

Fishery countries:
Argentina

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to sharks and rays with this fishery.
  • Bycatch of hake is a risk with this fishery.
  • Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Argentina onshore red shrimp - bottom trawl FIP

Fishery Progress, Argentina offshore red shrimp - bottom trawl FIP

Species and Location

fishery flag

Atlantic cod

Gadus morhua

North Sea, E English Channel and Skagerrak

Fishery countries:
Norway

Production Methods

  • Purse seine

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on PET species but occasional interactions with elasmobranchs (skates, rays and sharks), grey seals, and allis shad may occur.
  • The main bycatch species include haddock, whiting and saithe, among others.
  • No information was found regarding impacts for this gear type.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Atlantic halibut

Hippoglossus hippoglossus

Scotian Shelf and Southern Grand Banks

Fishery countries:
Canada

Production Methods

  • Gillnets and entangling nets

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Atlantic salmon

Salmo salar

Chile

Fishery countries:
Chile

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Salmon rely on wild capture fisheries for feed. Feed inputs are required to be responsibly sourced where possible.
  • There are concerns about the impact of farmed salmon escapes and disease outbreaks on wild salmonids. Overall, the Chilean industry continues to struggle with the control of bacterial diseases and sea lice parasites as indicated by the very high levels of treatment.
  • Direct impacts on water quality at the site are unlikely, but there is potential for cumulative impacts in densely farmed areas. The use of antibiotic and pesticides in Chile is high; studies on impact are limited.
General Notes

A zonal management approach has been adopted based on licenses (concessions); groups of licenses - Aquaculture Management Areas (AMAs); emergency disease zones - Macro Zones; and Areas Autorizadas para el ejercicio de la Acuicultura - Appropriate Areas for Aquaculture (AAA).

References

FishSource, Salmon - Chile

Seafood Watch, Atlantic Salmon, Farmed, Aquaculture Stewardship Council Certified

Species and Location

fishery flag

Atlantic salmon

Salmo salar

United States

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Salmon rely on wild capture fisheries for feed. But the use of fishmeal and fish oil in salmon farming in Atlantic North America is reported to be lower than that in other salmon-farming regions. Marine ingredients include herring, menhaden, anchovy sourced from fisheries in Atlantic Canada, Atlantic US and Gulf of Mexico, and Peru.
  • There are concerns about the impact of farmed salmon escapes and disease outbreaks on wild salmonids. Management systems for containment are in place to reduce the risk of escapes and have greatly improved fish containment by farms in Maine (as evidenced by the very low numbers of escapees identified in Maine rivers). The primary concerns for disease are sea lice and Infectious Salmon Anaemia, however the risk of transmission to wild salmon appears to be low.
  • Impacts on water quality are localized, but there is potential for cumulative impacts in densely farmed areas. Chemical inputs of antibiotics and of pesticides used to control sea lice are of particular concern for salmon farmed in Atlantic North America.
General Notes
  • The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.

References

Seafood Watch, Atlantic salmon, farmed, United States (Maine)

Species and Location

fishery flag

Atlantic surf clam

Spisula solidissima

NW Atlantic

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Dredge

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Blue swimming crab

Portunus pelagicus

Java Sea

Fishery countries:
Indonesia

Production Methods

  • Gillnets and entangling nets
  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Needs improvement

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Indonesian blue swimming crab - gillnet/trap

Species and Location

fishery flag

Blue swimming crab

Portunus pelagicus

Tolo Bay and Banda Sea

Fishery countries:
Indonesia

Production Methods

  • Gillnets and entangling nets
  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Needs improvement

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Indonesian blue swimming crab - gillnet/trap

Species and Location

fishery flag

Caribbean spiny lobster

Panulirus argus

Northern SW Atlantic

Fishery countries:
Brazil

Production Methods

  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Needs improvement

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Brazil red and green lobster - trap

Species and Location

fishery flag

Caribbean spiny lobster

Panulirus argus

Western Central Atlantic

Fishery countries:
Bahamas

Production Methods

  • Rake / hand gathered / hand netted

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Chum salmon

Oncorhynchus keta

Alaska - Southeast Alaska

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Purse seine
  • Gillnets and entangling nets

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References
Intertek Moody Marine, 2013, Alaska Salmon Fishery MSC Public Certification Report

Species and Location

fishery flag

Dungeness crab

Cancer magister

Oregon

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, US Oregon Dungeness crab - pot/trap

Species and Location

fishery flag

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Barents Sea

Fishery countries:
Norway

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact ETP species, but available data is still limited.
  • Bycatch is a risk for this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed. An MSC condition is in place to strengthen understanding of fishery interactions with sensitive habitat.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Icelandic

Fishery countries:
Iceland

Production Methods

  • Midwater trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed. Measures to protect vulnerable habitats such as cold water coral reefs are in place.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag

Mahi-mahi

Coryphaena hippurus

Eastern Pacific Ocean

Fishery countries:
Ecuador

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Sustainability not rated

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to turtles, sharks and seabirds with this fishery.
  • Bycatch is a significant risk for this fishery.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Ecuador mahi-mahi - longline

Species and Location

fishery flag

Mahi-mahi

Coryphaena hippurus

Eastern Pacific Ocean

Fishery countries:
Peru

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Sustainability not rated

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to turtles and seabirds with this fishery.
  • Bycatch is a significant risk for this fishery.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Peru mahi-mahi - longline (WWF)

Species and Location

fishery flag

Mahi-mahi

Coryphaena hippurus

Western and Central Pacific

Fishery countries:
Taiwan

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Sustainability not rated

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to turtles and seabirds with this fishery.
  • Bycatch is a risk for this fishery but there is insufficient data available to assess significance.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Taiwan Hsin-Kang mahi-mahi - longline

Species and Location

fishery flag fishery flag

North Pacific hake

Merluccius productus

NE Pacific

Fishery countries:
United States, Canada

Production Methods

  • Midwater trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch in this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag

Northern brown shrimp

Penaeus aztecus

Northern Gulf of Mexico - Louisiana

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Rake / hand gathered / hand netted

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Needs improvement

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to sea turtles with this fishery.
  • Bycatch is a risk for this fishery.
  • Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Louisiana shrimp - otter/skimmer trawl

Species and Location

fishery flag

Northern rock sole

Lepidopsetta polyxystra

Gulf of Alaska

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
  • Bycatch is a risk for this fishery but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Northern shortfin squid

Illex illecebrosus

NW Atlantic

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Northern white shrimp

Penaeus setiferus

Northern Gulf of Mexico - Louisiana

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • There is potential for turtle interactions with this fishery, but excluder devices are fitted to nets for protection.
  • Bycatch is a significant risk for this fishery.
  • Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • NOAA FSSI 4: The fishery is not overfished and overfishing is not occurring and the stock biomass is at or above 80% of the biomass that produces maximum sustainable yield.

References

Fishery Progress, Louisiana shrimp - otter/skimmer trawl FIP

Species and Location

fishery flag

Pacific cod

Gadus macrocephalus

Aleutian Islands

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl
  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to seabirds and marine mammals with this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bycatch for this fishery includes other fish, skates and sea birds, but there is insufficient data available to assess significance.
  • The impact depends on the gear type. Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag

Pacific cod

Gadus macrocephalus

Eastern Bering Sea

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to seabirds and marine mammals with this fishery, but there are mitigation measures in place.
  • Bycatch is a risk for this fishery, but there is insufficient data available to assess significance.
  • Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed. However, management measures are in place.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Pacific cod

Gadus macrocephalus

Karaginsky

Fishery countries:
Russia

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Pacific cupped oyster

Magallana gigas

United States

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • No feed inputs are used to support farmed oysters.
  • The larval phase of oysters may be transported away from farm sites. The spread of non-native oysters and unintentionally introduced species beyond their natural range may be a cause for concern.
  • There is no concern regarding pollution from nutrients or organic matter. No feed or chemical inputs are used to support farmed oysters.
General Notes

References

Seafood Watch, Oysters, Farmed

Species and Location

fishery flag

Pangasius

Pangasius spp.

Vietnam

Fishery countries:
Vietnam

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Pangasius feed includes low levels of fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources. Feed inputs are not required to be responsibly sourced.
  • As a native species, the risk to wild populations from escapes is low. Juveniles used in pangasius farming come from Vietnamese hatcheries and the trade of wild-caught broodstock is limited.
  • Panagsius farming in Vietnam is linked to illegal disposal of waste into adjoining waterways with cumulative impacts that contribute to water pollution. However, certified farms are assumed to dispose of waste properly.
General Notes
  • The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.
  • The government requires pangasius farms to be managed under a zonal approach.

References:

FishSource - Pangasius, Vietnam

Seafood Watch, Pangasius, Vietnam, Farmed, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Pink salmon

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha

Alaska - Cook Inlet, Southeast Alaska

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Purse seine

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • While encounters with marine mammals and birds have been documented in this fishery, the impact on PET species is not thought to be significant.
  • There is no risk of bycatch for this fishery. Catches of other salmon species are accounted for in the pink salmon management.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the benthic habitat.
General Notes

Caveat
The environmental notes for this fishery are based on information that is partly derived from sources other than the FishSource profile.

References

Intertek Moody Marine, 2013, MSC Public Certification Report for Alaska Salmon Fishery

Species and Location

fishery flag

Queen crab

Chionoecetes opilio

Eastern Bering Sea

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • This fishery is certified through the Alaska Responsible Fisheries Management (RFM) Program.

References

Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, RFM Certification: Alaska Crab

Species and Location

fishery flag

Queen crab

Chionoecetes opilio

Barents Sea

Fishery countries:
Russia

Production Methods

  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Barents Sea king crab - pot/trap (Odyssey Seafood) FIP

Marine Stewardship Council, Russia Barents Sea Opilio Trap

Species and Location

fishery flag

Queen crab

Chionoecetes opilio

Northern Sea of Okhotsk

Fishery countries:
Russia

Production Methods

  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

Not certified or in a FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Sustainability not rated

Environmental Notes
  • There are potential risks to PET species with this fishery, but there is insufficient data available to assess significance.
  • Bycatch is a risk for this fishery, but there is insufficient data available to assess significance.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • This fishery is in MSC Full Assessment as of August 2021.

References

Marine Stewardship Council, Russian Crab GC Sea of Okhotsk crab trap

Species and Location

fishery flag

Queen crab

Chionoecetes opilio

NW Atlantic - Estuary and N Gulf of St Lawrence

Fishery countries:
Canada

Production Methods

  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Rainbow trout

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Chile

Fishery countries:
Chile

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Trout have a high requirement for fish in their diet.
  • Rainbow trout are not native to Chile but have become established in the wild due to intentional stocking. However, there are still concerns about the impact of farmed salmonid escapes and disease outbreaks on wild fish populations. Available data indicates that large numbers of farmed trout have escaped each year since the early 1990s.
  • Production using open net cages and ponds results in the discharge of waste and nutrients directly into the surrounding water.
General Notes
  • The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.

References

FishSource - salmon, Chile

Seafood Watch, Rainbow trout, Chile, Farmed

Seafood Watch, Rainbow trout, Worldwide, Aquaculture Stewardship Council Certified Salmon Standard

Species and Location

fishery flag

Rainbow trout

Onchorynchus mykiss

Peru

Fishery countries:
Peru

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes

References

Seafood Watch, Farmed Rainbow Trout, Worldwide

Species and Location

fishery flag

Red king crab

Paralithodes camtschaticus

Barents Sea

Fishery countries:
Russia

Production Methods

  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag

Red swamp crawfish

Procambarus clarkii

Louisiana territorial sea

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Pots and traps

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Sustainability not rated

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Audobon G.U.L.F., Louisiana Crawfish

Species and Location

fishery flag

Snappers nei

Lutjanus spp.

Aru Bay, Arafura Sea and Eastern of Timor Sea

Fishery countries:
Indonesia

Production Methods

  • Handlines and pole-lines

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Sustainability not rated

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Indonesia Aru and Arafura demersal fish - longline

Species and Location

fishery flag

Sockeye salmon

Oncorhynchus nerka

Alaska - Bristol Bay

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Gillnets and entangling nets

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the benthic habitat.
General Notes

References
Intertek Moody Marine, 2013, MSC Public Certification Report for the Alaska Salmon Fishery

Species and Location

fishery flag

Sockeye salmon

Oncorhynchus nerka

Alaska - Copper-Bering

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Gillnets and entangling nets

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the benthic habitat.
General Notes

References
Intertek Moody Marine, 2013, MSC Public Certification Report for the Alaska Salmon Fishery

Species and Location

fishery flag

Tilapia

Oreochromis niloticus, Oreochromis spp

China

Fishery countries:
China

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Tilapia require relatively low inputs of fishmeal and fishoil from marine feed sources in their diet. However, there are significant concerns about the sustainability of feed inputs from domestic sources, which are produced from fisheries that are fully exploited overexploited, or depleted.
  • There is little infomation available regarding impacts of Chinese tilapia production on wild species, includings impacts from escapes, disease outbreaks, and interactions with predators and other wildlife. Nile tilapia are considered highly invasive and there are documented examples of tilapia populations outcompeting local fish species for resources in Chinese waterways. Despite this, there is no information on tilapia escapes at a farm level. In addition, there is little information about on-farm diseases in Chinese tilapia production and disease outbreaks pose a risk to wild fish populations. There is no information regarding interactions with wildlife which may include migrating birds.
  • Pollution from nutrients and organic matter, as well as chemical inputs, may affect local water quality. There is limited information regarding on-farm chemical use and the impact of effluent released by tilapia pond‐based farms in China. But there is evidence of the use of illegal chemicals and of antibiotics important to human health in Chinese tilapia production.
General Notes

Area-based approaches to aquaculture are included in the national and provincial legislation, but it is unclear whether zonal approaches to siting and production are used.

The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.

References:

FishSource - Tilapia, China

Seafood Watch, Nile tilapia, Worldwide

Seafood Watch, Tilapia, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Tilapia

Oreochromis niloticus, Oreochromis spp.

Honduras

Fishery countries:
Honduras

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • All fishmeal and fish oil is sourced from by-products.
  • Although the possibility for escape is considered high, the invasiveness factor is considered low given the prior establishment of the species. There is no current data or evidence indicating that tilapia cultured by Regal Springs, Honduras at their floating cage culture sites in Lake Yojoa and Lake Cajon are causing population declines in wild fish through the amplification and retransmission of pathogens or parasites. There is evidence that tilapia cage culture operations in Lake Yojoa and Lake Cajon attract or interact with predators or other wildlife, but the concern for wildlife and predator mortalities due to these operations is low.
  • There are moderate impacts from effluents beyond the farm boundaries. The government management system addresses the effluent water quality; however, there have been records of eutrophication and harmful phytoplankton blooms, which indicate that monitoring measures are not effective.
General Notes

Area-based approaches to aquaculture are included in the national and provincial legislation, but it is unclear whether zonal approaches to siting and production are used.

The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.

References

Good Fish Guide, Tilapia (Farmed), ASC

Seafood Watch, Nile tilapia, Worldwide

Seafood Watch, Tilapia, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Walleye

Sander vitreus

Lake Erie western and central

Fishery countries:
Canada

Production Methods

  • Gillnets and entangling nets

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to PET species with this fishery, but there is insufficient data available to assess significance.
  • There is a lack of information on bycatch in this fishery.
  • Profile not yet complete.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

Species and Location

fishery flag

Whiteleg shrimp

Penaeus vannamei

China

Fishery countries:
China

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Biosecurity measures minimise disease outbreaks and escapes.
  • Chemical usage and effluent are monitored and limited.
General Notes

The government has adopted a farm-based approach to aquaculture regulations and licensing.

References

Good Fish Guide, Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 2 and 3* certified

Good Fish Guide - Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 4* certified

Seafood Watch, Whiteleg shrimp, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Whiteleg shrimp

Penaeus vannamei

Ecuador

Fishery countries:
Ecuador

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns is a concern but infrequent water exchange on whiteleg shrimp farms moderates the risk. Information on escapes is limited. Shrimp farmed in Ecuador are raised from hatchery-raised native broodstock, therefore lowering the risk to wild shrimp populations if interbreeding does occur, however, interbreeding may still result in reduced genetic fitness.
  • Pollution from nutrients and organic matter, as well as chemical inputs, may affect local water quality. Impacts on water quality vary depending on farm practices including the frequency of waste discharge from ponds.
General Notes

The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.

The government has adopted a farm-based approach to aquaculture regulations and licensing.

References

FishSource - Shrimp, Ecuador

Good Fish Guide - Prawns, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 2 & 3* certified

Good Fish Guide - Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 4* certified

Seafood Watch, Whiteleg shrimp, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Whiteleg shrimp

Penaeus vannamei

Guatemala

Fishery countries:
Guatemala

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Freshwater supplies and habitats can be impacted but are mitigated for within the standard requirements. Chemical usage and effluent are monitored and limited and biosecurity measures minimise disease outbreaks and escapes. Predator control is encouraged to be the use of non lethal deterrents, although some countries allow lethal control.
General Notes

The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.

The aquaculture industry is currently managed under a farm-based approach.

References

Good Fish Guide - Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 4* certified

Seafood Watch, Whiteleg shrimp, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Whiteleg shrimp

Penaeus vannamei

India

Fishery countries:
India

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns is a concern but infrequent water exchange on whiteleg shrimp farms moderates the risk. Whiteleg shrimp are not native to India and there is potential for ecological impacts from escapes.
  • Pollution from nutrients and organic matter, as well as chemical inputs, may affect local water quality. Waste discharge from whiteleg shrimp ponds is typically limited to once per production cycle.
General Notes
  • The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.
  • The aquaculture industry is currently managed under a farm-based approach.

References

FishSource - shrimp, India

Good Fish Guide - Prawns, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 2 & 3* certified

Good Fish Guide - Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 4* certified

Seafood Watch, Whiteleg shrimp, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Whiteleg shrimp

Penaeus vannamei

Indonesia

Fishery countries:
Indonesia

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns is a concern. Whiteleg shrimp are not native to Indonesia and there is potential for ecological impacts from escapes.
  • Pollution from nutrients and organic matter, as well as chemical inputs, may affect local water quality and cumulative impacts across a region may occur.
General Notes
  • The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.
  • Legislation on zonal planning that is relevant to aquaculture does exist. A zonal approach to aquaculture is being introduced via an Aquaculture Improvement Project (AIP) in Muncar, Banyuwangi district, East Java.

References

Good Fish Guide - Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global, GAA BAP certification (2 & 3*)

Good Fish Guide - Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global, GAA BAP certification (4*)

Seafood Watch, Whiteleg shrimp, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Whiteleg shrimp

Litopeneaus vannamei

Malaysia

Fishery countries:
Malaysia

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns is a concern but infrequent water exchange on whiteleg shrimp farms moderates the risk.
  • Pollution from nutrients and organic matter, as well as chemical inputs, may affect local water quality. Impacts on water quality vary depending on the frequency of waste discharge from ponds. There is limited information regarding on-farm chemical use or shrimp farm effluent in Malaysia. But evidence suggests that antimicrobials important to human health are used in production.
General Notes

References

Seafood Watch, Whiteleg shrimp, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Whiteleg shrimp

Penaeus vannamei

United States

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Disease outbreaks are uncommon in U.S. shrimp aquaculture and as such the need for chemical use is demonstrably low. Risk of escape is considered low-moderate. Juvenile shrimp for stocking are sourced exclusively from domestic hatcheries in the U.S.
  • There is no concern regarding pollution from nutrients or organic matter.
General Notes
  • The government has adopted a farm-based approach to aquaculture regulations and licensing.

References

Good Fish Guide - Prawns, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 2 & 3* certified

Good Fish Guide - Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 4* certified

Seafood Watch, Whiteleg shrimp, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Whiteleg shrimp

Penaeus vannamei

Vietnam

Fishery countries:
Vietnam

Production Methods

  • Farmed

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • Fishmeal and fish oil from marine feed sources are used. At least 50% of the feed used in certified production is required to be responsibly or sustainably sourced.
  • Disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns is a concern but infrequent water exchange on whiteleg shrimp farms moderates this risk. Whiteleg shrimp are not native to Vietnam and there is potential for ecological impacts from escapes.
  • Pollution from nutrients and organic matter, as well as chemical inputs, may affect local water quality. Waste discharge from whiteleg shrimp ponds is typically limited to once per production cycle, moderating the impact of effluents on water quality. There is a lack of data on the quantity of chemical inputs, but evidence suggests that illegal antibiotics are sometimes used on Vietnamese shrimp farms.
General Notes

The environmental impacts described are addressed to some degree by certification.

The aquaculture industry is currently managed under a farm-based approach

References:

FishSource - shrimp, Vietnam

Good Fish Guide - Prawns, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 2 & 3* certified

Good Fish Guide - Prawn, King (whiteleg), prawns, Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Aquaculture Practices (GAA BAP) 4* certified

Seafood Watch, Whiteleg shrimp, Global Aquaculture Alliance Certified BAP 2, 3, 4-star

Species and Location

fishery flag

Yellowfin sole

Limanda aspera

Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands

Fishery countries:
United States

Production Methods

  • Bottom trawl

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch for this fishery is considered low.
  • Bottom trawls will directly impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

MRAG Americas, 2015, MSC Public Certification Report for Bering Sea-Aleutian Islands Alaska Flatfish Fishery

Species and Location

fishery flag fishery flag fishery flag fishery flag

Yellowfin tuna

Thunnus albacares

Western and Central Pacific Ocean - Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA)

Fishery countries:
Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Papua New Guinea

Production Methods

  • FAD-free (unassociated) purse seine

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery uses FAD-free (unassociated) purse seine gear, which results in less bycatch than associated fisheries. However, purse seine gear still present a hazard to PET species.
  • This fishery uses FAD-free (unassociated) purse seine gear, which results in less bycatch than associated fisheries. However, bycatch is still a risk for this fishery.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag

Yellowfin tuna

Thunnus albacares

Western and Central Pacific Ocean

Fishery countries:
Vietnam

Production Methods

  • Hook and line

Certification or Improvement Project

FIP

Sustainability Ratings

Managed

Environmental Notes
  • There are risks to turtles, seabirds and sharks, but these risks can be reduced through proper management of fishing gear.
  • There is bycatch for this fishery but the scale of the issue is not established.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes

References

Fishery Progress, Vietnam yellowfin tuna - longline/handline FIP

Species and Location

fishery flag

Yellowfin tuna

Thunnus albacares

Western and Central Pacific Ocean - WCPFC

Fishery countries:
Fiji

Production Methods

  • Longlines

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch is a risk for this fishery, but there is insufficient data available to assess significance.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes.

Species and Location

fishery flag

Yellowfin tuna

Thunnus albacares

Western and Central Pacific Ocean - WCPFC

Fishery countries:
Indonesia

Production Methods

  • Handlines and pole-lines

Certification or Improvement Project

Certified

Sustainability Ratings

Well managed

Environmental Notes
  • This fishery is unlikely to impact PET species.
  • Bycatch is considered low for this fishery.
  • This fishery is unlikely to have a significant impact on the sea bed.
General Notes
  • No additional notes

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